Active Directory Questions and Answers

There are some list of definitions in terms of Questions and answers relating to Active Directory (AD) which i have taken from different sources and gathered here

What is active directory?

What is Domain

What is domain controller? (a domain controller (DC) is a server that responds to security authentication requests (logging in, checking permissions, etc.) within a Windows domain)

What is a standalone server (A standalone server is a server that runs alone and is not a part of a group. In fact, in the context of Microsoft Windows networks, astandalone server is one that does not belong to or is not governed by a Windows domain)

What I s a member server (Member server is a server role defined by Microsoft Active Directory (AD), a service that runs on the Windows 2000 and Windows Server2003 operating systems. A member server belongs to a domain but is not the domain controller)

What is Object

What is attribute (Single property of an object)

How do you make a server domain controller (By installing the role AD DS or by running command DCPROMO on older version of operating systems (older than 2008 R2))

What is the name of Active directory Database ( NTDS.dit)

What are the partitions on AD 2003 Database (Application, Domain Directory Partition, Schema Directory, Configuration Directory Partition)

What tool you can use to modify the Ad database (adsi.edit, ntdsutil)

What is DRO and what objects are in this partition (Resident Directory Object. Objects included in this partition are Users, Groups, computer accounts)

What is Schema

How many FSMO roles available

Name Operations Masters

Which FSMO role is the most important (PDC emulator) Reference

Which FSMO role is the less important (Rid master/ Infrastructure – Not Sure)

What is OU

What are 3 primary functions of OU

What is a Site

What is KCC

What is LSASS.EXE (Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS) is a process in Microsoft Windows operating systems that is responsible for enforcing the security policy on the system. It verifies users logging on to a Windows computer or server, handles password changes, and creates access tokens.)

What is SYSVOL (The term SYSVOL refers to a set of files and folders that reside on the local hard disk of each domain controller in a domain and that are replicated by the File Replication service (FRS). Network clients access the contents of the SYSVOL tree by using the NETLOGON and SYSVOL shared folders.)

What is Journal Wrap and how to troubleshoot journal wrap issues?

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