Acronyms / Status Codes – Microsoft Services


Acronym Definition
ABC Abstract Base Class
ACE Access Control Entry
ACID Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability
ACL Access Control List
ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ADO ActiveX® Data Objects
ADSI Active Directory Service Interfaces
AIC Application Integration Component
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ANSI SQL American National Standards Institute Structured Query Language
API Application Programming Interface
APM Advanced Power Management
APPC Advanced Program-to-Program Communication
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASP Active Server Pages
ATL ActiveX® Library Template
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AXFR Asynchronous Full Transfer Zone
BASH Bourne Again Shell
BDC Backup Domain Controller
BDM Business Development Manager
BIOS Basic Input/Output System
BINL Boot Information Negotiation Layer
BLOB Binary Large Object
BSD Berkeley Software Distribution
CA Certification Authority
CAL Client Access License
CDFS Compact Disk File System
CICS Customer Interface Control System
CIFS Common Internet File System
CIM 1. Common Information Model
2. Computer Information Model
CIP Commerce Interchange Pipeline
CLB Component Load Balancing
CLSID Class Identifier
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
COFF Common Object File Format
COM Component Object Model
COMAdmin Component Services Administration
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CRM Compensating Resource Manager
CSMI CICS Mirror Transaction
CTM Coordinating Transaction Manager
DACL Discretionary Access Control List
DB Database
DBG Debug Format
DBMS Database Management System
DCOM Distributed Component Object Mode
DDF 1. Distributed Database Facility
2. Data Decryption Field
DDL Data Definition Language
DDM/DRDA Distributed Data Management / Distributed Relational Data Access
DDNS Dynamic Domain Name Service
DFS Distributed File System
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLL Dynamic-link Library
DMI Desktop Management Interface
DML Data Manipulation/Modification Language
DMTF 1. Distributed Management Task Force
2. Desktop Management Task Force
DNA Distributed InterNet Applications
DNS Domain Name System
DPA Demand Protocol Architecture
DPL Distributed Program Link
DRF Data Recovery Field
DSA Directory System Agent
DSN 1. Data Source Name
2. Domain Server Name
DTC Distributed Transaction Coordinator
DTD Document Type Definition
DTS Data Transformation Services
DVD Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk
EAP 1. Extensible Authentication Protocol
2. Early Adopter Program
ECMA European Computer Manufacturing Association
EFS Encrypting File System (Windows 2000)
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
ELSA Electronic Library Services and Applications
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
EXE Executable File
FAT File Allocation Table
FEK File Encryption Key
FPNW File and Print Services for NetWare
FQDN Fully Qualified Domain Name
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GC Global Catalog
GDB GNU Debugger
GINA Graphical Identification and Authentication
GIT Global Interface Table
GPE Group Policy Editor
GPL General Public License
GPO Group Policy Object
GSSC Global Solutions Support Center
GSNW Gateway Services for NetWare
GTM Go to Market
GUI Graphic User Interface
HAL Hardware Abstraction Layer
HCL Hardware Compatibility List
HIP High Impact Project
HLLAPI High Level Language Application Programming Interface
HKCU HKey_Current_User
HKLM HKey_Local_Machine
HSM Hierarchical Storage Management
HTML Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
IPC Interprocess Communication
IDE 1. Integrated Development Environment
2. Integrated Drive Electronics
IDL 1. Interface Description Language
2. Interface Definition Language
IDOC Intermediate Document
IEAK Internet Explorer Administrator Kit
IID Interface Identifier
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IIS Internet Information Services (Internet Information Server)
IME Input Method Editor
IMS Information Management System
IP 1. Internet Protocol
2. Intellectual Property
IPsec Internet Protocol security
IPX Internetwork Packet eXchange
IrDA Infrared Data Association
ISAM Indexed Sequential Access Method
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISV Independent Software Vendor
ITIL Information Technology Infrastructure Library
ITS Incompatible Time-Sharing System
IXFR Incremental Transfer
JDBC Java Data Base Connectivity
JIT Just-in-Time
JMS Java Message Service
JNDI Java Naming and Directory Interface
JRMI Java Remote Method Invocation
JTS Java Transaction Service
KCC Knowledge Consistency Checker
KDC Key Distribution Center
L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
LAN Local Area Network
LCE Loosely Coupled Events
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LISP List Processor
LORG Large Organization
LSA Local Security Authority
LU Logical Unit
MDAC Microsoft Data Access Components
MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MLV Multilanguage Version
MMC Microsoft Management Console
MOF Managed Object Format
MOM Microsoft Operations Manager
MORG Medium-sized Organization
MQS Message Queue Series
MRO Maintenance Repair and Operations
MSCS Microsoft Cluster Service
MSDE 1. Microsoft Data Engine
2. Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine
MSF Microsoft Solutions Framework
MSI Microsoft Windows Installer
MSMQ Message Queuing
MSP 1. Managed Service Provider
2. Messaging Service Provider
3. Message Security Protocol
MTA Multi-threaded Architecture
MTS 1. Microsoft Transaction Server

2. Microsoft Technical Support

MVS Multiple Virtual System
NAL NetWare Applications Launcher
NAV Net Asset Value
NCP 1. Network Control Program
2. Network Control Protocol
3. NetWare Core Protocol
NDIS Network Driver Interface Specification
NDPS Novell Distributed Print Services
NDS NetWare Directory Service
NFS Network File System
NIC Network Adapter
NIS Network Information Service
NLB Network Load Balancing
NLS National Language Support
NNTP Network News Transport Protocol
NTP Network Time Protocol
NTW New Technology Workstation
NVT Network Virtual Terminal
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OCX 1. OLE Custom Control
2. OLE Control Extension
ODBC Open Database Connectivity
OLAP Online Analytical Processing
OLTP Online Transaction Processing
OMG Object Management Group
OO Object Oriented
OOAD Object Oriented Analysis and Design
OPP Order Processing Pipeline
ORB Object Request Broker
OS Operating System
OSTA Optical Storage Technology Association
OTM Object Transaction Middleware
PAC Privilege Attribute Certificate
PCL Printer Control Language
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDC Primary Domain Controller
PEC Primary Enterprise Controller
PG Product Group
PK Primary Key
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
PMI Project Management Institute
PnP Plug and Play
POS 1. Programmable Option Select
2. Point of Sale
3. Point of Service
4. Packet Over Sonet
5. Persistent Object Server
POSIX Portable Operating System Interface
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PPTP Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
PSS Product Support Services
PTM Participating Transaction Manager
PTR Point-in-Time Repair
PXE Pre-boot Execution Environment
QCE Quality Customer Experience
QFE Quick Fix Engineering
RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
RAID Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RAS Remote Access Services
RDO Remote Data Object
RDP 1. Remote Display (or Desktop) Protocol
2. Reliable Datagram Protocol
RDS Remote Data Services
RFC Request for Comment
RID 1. Relative Identifier
2. Record ID
RIS Remote Installation Services
RM Resource Manager
ROLAP Relational Online Analytical Processing
RPC Remote Procedure Call
RSM Removable Storage Management
RR Resource Records
RSS Remote Storage
RTL Register Transfer Language
RUP Roaming User Profile
SAA System Application Architecture
SACL System Access-Control List
SAM Security Accounts Manager
SAN Storage Area Network
SAS Secure Attention Sequence
SCA Security Configuration and Analysis
SCE Security Configuration Editor
SCM 1. Service Control Manager
2. Security Control Monitor
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
SCTS Security Configuration Toolset
SD Security Descriptor
SDI 1. Secure Dial-In
2. Single Document Interface
3. Smart Database Interface
SDK Software Development Kit
SFU Windows Services for UNIX
SI System Integrator
SID Security Identifier
SIS Single Instance Store
SMB Server Message Block
SMS Systems Management Server
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA Systems Network Architecture
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SP Stored Procedure
SPM Shared Property Manager
SRM Security Reference Monitor
SSD Solid State Disk
SSL Secure Socket Layer
SSO Single Sign-on
SSPI Security Support Provider Interface
SVID System V Interface Definition
TCE Tightly Coupled Events System
TCO Total Cost of Ownership
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCT Terminal Control Table
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TGS Ticket-Granting Service
TGT 1. Transaction Group Type
2. Ticket Granting Ticket
3. Target Tracker
TIP Transaction Internet Protocol
TLB Type Library
TLS Thread Local Storage
TM Transaction Manager
TP Transaction Program
TPD Transactions Per Day
TPH Transactions Per Hour
TPM Transactions Per Minute
TPS Transactions Per Second
TSA Target Service Agent
TTL Time to Live
UCS 1. User Coordinate System
2. Universal Character Set
3. Unicode Conversion Support
UDF 1. Universal Disk Format
2. User-defined function
3. Uniqueness Database File
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UI User Interface
UML 1. Unified Modeling Language
2. Universal Markup Language
UNC Universal Naming Convention
UPN User Principal Name
URL Uniform Resource Locator
USB Universal Serial Bus
USMT User State Migration Tool
USN Update Sequence Numbers
UTF Unicode Transformation Format
VAN Value Added Network
VPN Virtual Private Network
VxD Virtual Device Driver
WAN Wide Area Network
WBEM Web-based Enterprise Management
WDM Win32 Driver Model
WFP Windows File Protection
WHQL Windows Hardware Quality Lab
WINS Windows Internet Name Service
WMI Windows Management Instrumentation
WQL WMI Query Language
WSH Windows Script Host
XA Extended Architecture
XDR External Data Representation
XML Extensible Markup Language
XML TI XML Transaction Integration
XSL Extensible Style Language
XSLT Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations
ZAW Zero Administration for Windows

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